Great Britain

Great Britain


In Great Britain, there lies Hadrian’s Wall, stretching on approximately 120 km, from the coast of Solway in Cumbria to the Wallsend, near Newcastle. The wall was constructed during the time of Emperor Hadrian approximately in A.D. 122 to the north of the Britania ancient Roman province. A castrum was built on each point marking 11.2 km. Initially, the wall thickness was 3m, and afterwards it was reduced to 1.8m. In some areas the stone built wall reached 6m in height.

Hadrian’s Wall was inscribed as an UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987.


Segedunum (Wallsend), Pons Aelius (Newcastle), Condercum (Benwell Hill), Vindobala (Rudchester), Hunnum (Halton Chesters), Cilurnum (Walwick Chesters), Procolita (Carrowburgh), Vercovicium (Housesteads), Aesica (Great Chesters), Magnis (Carvoran), Banna (Birdoswald), Camboglanna (Castlesteads), Uxelodunum (Petriana), Aballava (Burgh-by-Sands), Coggabata (Drumburgh), Mais (Bowness-on-Solway)


The Antonine Wall was the north-west frontier of the Roman Empire. It lasted as a frontier until A.D. 160, when it returned to its old frontier - Hadrian’s Wall.

It was built during the reign of Antoninus Pius around A.D. 140. The Limes was spreading across 60 km, along what we call today the belt of Scotland, between the Firth of Forth reaching to the British coast on the Firth of Clyde. The Antonine Wall was one of the most developed frontiers of the Roman Empire. The wall was 5m thick and 3m high, and on the north side it was even more protected with a deep ditch. The wall was defended with 16 castra and other intermediate fortifications, placed all along its path.

Sites: Old Kilpatrick Fort, Duntocher Fort, Cleddans Fortlet, Castlehill Fort, Bearsden Fort, Summerston Fortlet, Balmuildy Fort, Wilderness Plantation Fortlet, Cadder Fort, Glasgow Bridge Fortlet, Kirkintilloch Fort, Auchendavy Fort, Bar Hill Fort, Croy Hill Fort, Westerwood Fort, Castlecary Fort, Seabegs Wood Fortlet, Rough Castle Fort, Watling Lodge Fortlet, Camelon Fort, Falkirk Fort, Mumrills Fort, Inveravon Fort, Kinneil Fortlet.

In 2008 it was inscribed in the World Heritage List, becoming part of the “Frontiers of the Roman Empire" UNESCO Site, alongside Hadrian’s Wall and the Upper German-Raetian Limes.