Capidava - Site Museum

Capidava Site Museum

Muzeul in situ al Capidavei, sat Capidava, com. Topalu, jud. Constanţa

Visitors here are able to see the astonishing precinct wall, the south gate of the fortress, guarded by a square tower and access to the site is available from the main road. A second gate, a secondary gate (poterna), was in use in the north-west square tower of the fortress, where the site visit begins. In the precinct there appears to be two foundations of two towers in the shape of a horseshoe (taken out of function during the Late Roman Age), and two pairs of better kept towers (square shaped in the longer sides and fan shaped in the kept corners of the fortress). In the southern quarter of the fortress visitors are able to see the foundations of the defense wall and the late ancient Roman fort (on 1/3 of its length), as well as the course of the defense ditch protecting the wall. In this sector, the building of the city guard was conserved; the biggest kept late ancient Roman building. Inside the fortress, entering the main south gate, visitors will see on the right hand side (V sector, to the East) a residential area from the Late Roman Age. This section contains buildings placed around private piazzas, with porticos, access ways and drains, dolia - large amphorae where they kept supplies. Two of these living quarters were equipped with heating systems, connected to private baths. Other important archaeological finds in the fortress are the Roman-Byzantine basilica of the north corner of the fortress (A.D. VI century), and the portside of the Capidava, on the banks of the Danube, across the fortress. The port was in use during the whole lifespan of the fortress, from the A.D. II century to A.D. XI century. In the fortress a series of surface constructions can be seen - such as mud huts - dating from the last phase of habitation, the medio-Byzantine one (IX-XI centuries), as well as other living quarters or official buildings with several levels and several repairs.The Roman baths and the necropolis are especially interesting, both are outside the fortress, to East and East-South-East. The ancient Roman civilian settlement, outside the fortress, is largely yet to be researched and it’s placed exactly underneath the present day village.

Apart from the archaeologists’ sector precinct, two rooms are used for keeping the ceramics found in the archaeological digs, and it may be considered a small museum

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