Museum of the Iron Gates

Museum of the Iron Gates, DROBETA TURNU - SEVERIN, Mehedinţi.

Str. Independenţei nr. 2, Founded in 1882.
Tel- 252.312.177.

In 1881, V. Dimitrescu publishes his work "Museum of Severin" where monuments discovered in Mehedinţi County are presented, as well as antique pieces discovered by chance or through systematic research, that authorities collected and stored in a single place. In 1912, Professor Al. Bărcăcilă founded the Traian High School History Museum. In 1926, he moves to the newly built building near the roman castrum, a building which, since its beginning, was designed to house a museum that will be called the Turnu Severin History and Ethnography Museum. After 1945 the museum increases its influence and it enlarges its research field, and it will be called The Museum of the Iron Gates. In the 15th of May 1972, the museum opened in its actual state, having two sections: history and nature sciences, including an aquarium where species of fish from the Danube River are presented. Afterwards, the ethnography and art sections were opened. The museum exhibits pieces from the following fields: nature sciences (flora and fauna, aquarium for the Danube fauna and exotic fish), history - documents, archaeology (including a lapidarium exhibiting pieces from the Roman age), numismatics, ethnography (garments, ceramics, soft goods), Romanian plastic art (works by Luchian, Petraşcu, Pallady, Tonitza, Dimitrescu, Şirato, Stoenescu, Iser, Ressu).

The history-archaeology section is made of nine halls: Prehistory - the vestiges of material and spiritual life of the Schela Cladovei culture, the Dacian civilization, the Dacian-Roman Wars, the ancient Roman monuments (the Drobeta bridge built in 103-105), spiritual life in Drobeta, Medieval History, the Modern Era, Romanian Feudal Period art and the Contemporary Period. The nature sciences exhibition, opened on the 15th May 1972, presents the physical and geographical features of the Iron Gates Gorge (Hall I), the surface flora and fauna specific to the Iron Gates Gorge (Hall II), the Danube ichthyofauna specific to the barrier lake of the Iron Gates (the aquarium), flora and fauna specific to the aquatic environment of the Iron Gates area (Hall III).

The exhibition spaces are concluded with museum exhibits linked to cosmogony, the appearance of life on Earth, paleontological evidence, the origin and evolution of man (Hall IV). The ethnography and folk art section displays a rich and valuable heritage, an authentic collection of documentary value. The main exhibition presents the rural way of life in Mehedinţi and in the Iron Gates area. Cultural goods with the status of National Cultural Heritage Thesaurus can be seen in the exhibition. In the vicinity lies the Ancient Roman castrum Drobeta.

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