Pilot Project

About pilot project

Dinogetia 3d

In the EXTENSION OF THE DANUBE LIMES - UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE IN THE LOWER DANUBE (SEE/D/0307/4.3/x) program, managed by INP, the Dinogetia fortress, Jijila commune, Tulcea County, Romania, was targeted for additional research for the drawing and filing of the correct documents in order to extend the Danube Limes on the UNESCO tentative list and compare it with other sites in Dobrogea.

The ancient fortress of Dinogetia is a complex archaeological site, with multiple layers, where you can find a Pre-Roman Dacian settlement, an ancient Roman castrum from the IInd century (documented with epigraphic sources); a late Roman citadel ( the end of the IIIrd century - the beginning of the VIIth century) and a Middle-Byzantine Age fortress (dating from X-XII century). In the Roman Age and in the subsequent ages, the site enjoyed an important strategic and commercial role, due to its geographic position on the right side of the Danube, across the Galaţi-Barboşi fort. In the Roman Age, here were stationed several military units: legio V Macedonica, legio I Italica, cohors I Mattiacorum, cohors I Cilicum, and it also contained a military naval station (classis Flavia Moesica). The site is located 5 km north-west from the village of Gărvan and 1 km east from the Galaţi-Tulcea National Highway (DN 22).

The fortress of Dinogetia offered within the UNESCO project multiple ways to scientifically approach and exploit the site for tourism purposes the historical potential. The priority was the late ancient Roman citadel and a 3D reconstruction of several archaeological sites identified during the field research, such as:

1. The trapeze shaped precinct, with a thick wall of 2.50 m, 14 towers (horseshoe-shaped and fan shaped towers)
2. Monumental gateway to the East and two secondary gates to the North and West (the last of which were abandoned in the A.D. VIth century);
3. streets;
4. living quarters - domus;
5. late Roman principia;
6. basilica of V-VI centuries (located to the West of the main gateway, in the area between towers number 1 and 2, it suffers a range of architectural modifications during Anastasius and Justinian, as the tegular matter identified during the archaeological research proves;
7. Thermae of the IIIrd and IVth centuries that were researched and conserved were located 100 m south from the fortress. The ancient Roman Age necropolis, late Roman, and Roman-Byzantine and Middle-Byzantine in the protected area (partially) and to the West and South West of the fortress although they were identified in the field, they were not part of the 3D reconstruction.

Tridimensional reconstruction of the Dinogetia fortress meant documenting the reconstructed buildings. In order to make a most precise and scientifically sound animated video documentation, we started from the main archaeological journals available and based on analogies with other well researched and well known sites - we were able to prepare a most faithful reconstruction of the following: an ancient late Roman Wall and of the 14 towers guarding the precinct built in mixed masonry (shaped stone with mortar binding and overlapped with brick); the East gate (flanked by two horseshoe-shaped towers in doubled inside by a rectangular shaped structure); the Paleo-Christian Basilica in the vicinity of the precinct (planimetric details, masonry types, internal room structure); the domus building, located in the vicinity of the precinct wall, around towers numbers 6 and 7; the extra muros thermae, located approximately 100 m to east, from the fortress.

In a phase after the production of the cultural goods, the 3D - mp4 presentation clip was made, and before it was processed, the adequate corrections for the tridimensional constructions designed by third parties were carried out. Special focus was given to the realities in the field and the technical details of the precinct walls’ height, the making of the roofing systems generally, the reconstruction of the exact access ways in the precinct area, the look of the East gate and its towers, the Paleo-Christian Basilica with all its interior decoration, the thermae buildings with all the constitutive elements (two praefurnia, halls fitted with hypocaust and water basins, the semi-hexagonal apse cover system decorating the warm halls of the thermae), due to the complex and monumental features of these constructions.

Not least, special attention was given to the tridimensional modelling of the landscape where Dinogetia was built and to some elements of interior decoration belonging to the commander’s headquarters and the building complex named domus, of which the archaeological data are scarce.